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What are the Types of Personal Injury Laws? Personal injury law is a serious case that is defined at state level. There is an assigned panel of judges and members of legislatures that are tasked to create, modify, and amend the laws. Each states have different sides of personal injury laws which means every state has distinct features in their law. However, state laws share a lot of similarities as well. In the case of personal injury laws, there are three offenses that are being noted which are the international offense, negligence offense, and strict liability offense. Three Offenses in Personal Injury Law.
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International torts deal with the cases in which the offenders are aware of the consequences of their actions while committing it. The action is intentional. Some cases that belong to international offenses are assault, household physical and mental abuses, and workplace bully.
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Negligence torts consume the lion portion of personal injury laws. Almost all of the personal injury cases is under the negligence offense. The law makes it compulsory for all the citizens to act responsibly and reasonably that any other person would do if placed in similar situation. To summarize, every one should act in a way that they could not badly affect every one in his or her surroundings. For example, a reasonable person would always take steps to remove traces of oil, water or grease from the floor which accommodates a lot of people everyday. Now, if a restaurant owner fails to do so and anybody slips and falls on the floor, the owner is held responsible for negligent behavior under negligence torts. An offense that deals a different kind of behavior is the strict liability tort. Under the strict liability tort, a victim can file an offense to a person that causes a harmful effect on him. If the victim can show any evidence that he or she was harmed, the suspect will be held guilty. It is not an excuse when the offender is not aware of the consequences. Personal injury for a malpractice case. Beside from the three offenses that were tackled, citizens in America are also protected from professional malpractice. In order to stop unethical and wrongful actions of professionals, medical malpractice and professional malpractice laws have been made. This section entitles consumers sue the manufacturer of a defective product which caused damage and injury to the users. A case can be filed to a manufacturer from the customer when a customers buy a new chair from the manufacturer and falls on it while sitting due to a broken part of the chair. A case that deals with transportation is another kind of personal injury law. Offenses that are from transportation such as in automobile, rail road, maritime and aviation accidents fall under this part of personal injury law.